|US dollar index||92.0|
|10 Year Govt Bond Yield||2.57%|
|Current Coupon Fannie Mae TBA||101.438|
|Current Coupon Ginnie Mae TBA||102.784|
|30 Year Fixed Rate Mortgage||4.19|
Stocks are higher after a strong ADP jobs report. Bonds and MBS are down.
The private sector added 298,000 jobs in February, according to the ADP jobs report. This reading was the highest in 3 years and beat the consensus number by 115,000 jobs. January was revised upward as well. Construction employment increased by 60,000, which bodes well for home construction, although a mild winter probably affected that number. Friday’s payroll number is forecast to be 195,000. The report sent the 10 year and the 2 year bond yield up 3 basis points.
Mortgage applications rose 3.3% last week as purchases rose 2% and refis rose 5%. Refis as a percent of total production increase marginally after hitting a 9 year low last week at 45.4%. The average mortgage rate increased by 6 basis points last week.
Productivity increased at a 1.3% annual pace in the fourth quarter as output rose 2.4% and hours worked increases 1%. Unit Labor costs increased 1.7%. Productivity was marginally below expectations, while unit labor costs were above. Productivity (or lack thereof) has been a consistent issue over the past 10 years. Productivity ultimately is what drives increases in standards of living.
Given the strong economic data, the Fed has been jawboning the markets, sending Fed Funds forecasts higher. The move over the past 3 weeks in the Fed Funds futures contracts was the result of a number of speeches designed to wake up the markets. “We didn’t clearly see how the balance of risks was shifting, so they have to slap our faces, and say, ‘Look, you are missing the point’,” said Tim Duy, an economics professor at the University of Oregon. You can see the huge change in sentiment in the chart below, which calculates the implied probability of a March hike:
Despite the chance of 2-3 hikes this year, the Fed isn’t really moving to a contractionary monetary policy regime. On a scale of 1 to 10, we are going from 9 to maybe 8.5. We aren’t even remotely near a normal level in the Fed Funds rate, which is still negative by about 100 basis points (the effective FF rate is trading at 67 basis points and the inflation rate is around 1.7% or so, so the real rate is about -1%).
Janet Yellen’s Fed is almost the mirror image of Alan Greenspan’s Fed in that Yellen communicates to the markets what the Fed is thinking, while Greenspan stayed as opaque as possible. Note that the last 3 times the Fed went into a tightening cycle, they blew up the mortgage backed securities markets (1994) the stock market bubble (1999) and the residential real estate bubble (2006). You could argue that we currently have a bubble in global sovereign debt in that bond prices are assuming that inflation has been vanquished and is never, ever, ever coming back.
Republicans released their repeal and replace of Obamacare, and for the most part it is pretty similar to Obamacare. There are some small changes, but it more or less keeps the same structure. Direct subsidies are being replaced by refundable tax credits, while the Medicaid expansion gets block granted to the states. The Cadillac Tax gets pushed out to 2025, and pricing becomes more of a function of age than income. Conservative Republicans are against it, as well as pretty much every Democrat.
When dealing with corporations, there is a public Trump (the tweeter) and the private Trump. Since taking office, he has hit pharma companies on drug prices, automakers on outsourcing, and even retailers. Behind closed doors he is more accommodating. This explains why business confidence has been increasing despite these public statements.
Despite the strong data, the Atlanta Fed revised its forecast for Q1 GDP to an increase of only 1.3%.